The Tuscarora are part of the Haudenosaunee Nation. According to oral tradition, sometime in the unknown past ancestral Tuscarora separated from with the Haudenosaunee living along the shores of Lake Ontario and settled in North Carolina. They lived in northeastern North Carolina and used the Sandhills as an important hunting ground for hundreds of years. Pressures and wars caused by European settlement in coastal North Carolina forced the Tuscarora to return north in a series of migrations between 1713 and 1804. In 1713, 500 families were welcomed by the Five Nations of the Iroquois League and sponsored by the Oneida. The Tuscarora were adopted as the Sixth Nation of the League in 1722. After the American Revolution, Tuscarora people who supported the Patriot cause were granted a reservation at Lewiston, New York. The Tuscarora who supported the British were given lands along the Grand River in Ontario, Canada. Today, the Tuscarora continue to live on these two reservations.
“Sometime around 1710, early 1700s the Tuscaroras started to notice a lot of European colonists coming over and trying to claim the land for themselves. And of course, we didn’t like that, we got into some conflicts and started what was known as the Tuscarora wars, some time around 1711. And in 1713, the Tuscaroras decided to move back north with their cousins.”